Articles

Not Waiting for the Call: American Women Physicians and World War I

War has always upended women’s lives; left at the home front to care for their families and returning soldiers in a society where all of the usual economic and social structures have disappeared. But by the onset of World War I, women were poised to play a more active role than that of the homemaker struggling to hold families and some semblance of civil society together with diminished resources.

Prisoners Make Good at the Front

Eastern State Penitentiary—opened in 1829 and closed in 1970—operated throughout nearly every major conflict in modern American history: the Civil War, World Wars I and II, and the Vietnam War. The inmate population mirrored a typical military population—in large part made up of young working class men.

To Strike For Freedom: The 1916 Easter Rising and the United States

The United States played a critical role in the planning and aftermath of the 1916 Easter Rising. This article examines the ways in which the Irish American community supported the Irish nationalists involved in the 1916 Rising with material, logistical, and moral support. Although the Easter Rising did not immediately result in the establishment of an Irish Republic, the assistance of the Irish American community helped the Irish nationalists establish an independent nation in the years following the Risin…

The Complex Case of the RMS Lusitania

As May arrived in 1915, soldiers were mired in trenches across France and Belgium, poison gas had been deployed against troops of both sides, and Germany had begun rationing food owing to a British naval blockade. The Royal Navy stopped all ships suspected of carrying cargo to the Central Powers and confiscated the materiel. In retaliation, Germany declared the waters surrounding the British Isles a war zone and sent U-boats to patrol the area. In this tense atmosphere, the great Cunard liner, RMS Lusitania…

The American Red Cross

As Europe became engulfed in the Great War, the American Red Cross was still a very small organization unable to provide any major relief to those engaged in the conflict. Despite their small size and underfunding, the Red Cross made a concerted effort in the early years of the war to raise capital, recruit new personnel, nurses, and medical professionals, and gather medical supplies and other necessary treatments. Unfortunately, in the early stages of the Great War, the American Red Cross found it difficul…

An Auxiliary Nurse’s Scrapbooks of the Great War

Alma A. Clarke had ventured far from her comfortable life on the Main Line and was caring for wounded soldiers of the Great War. Lansing Warren, who would one day write for the New York Times, was a volunteer ambulance driver. Their paths crossed in Red Cross American Military Hospital, No. 1, housed in the Lycée Pasteur in Neuilly-sur-Seine, just outside of Paris. During one of his trips to drop off injured doughboys, Warren wrote a moving anti-war poem in Clarke’s scrapbook.

Quaker Civilian War-Relief in the Great War and its Aftermath, 1914-1922

Civilian war relief provided by British and America Quakers.

First World War Affects American Artists!

The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Art's 2016 exhibition *World War I and American Art* will be the first major exhibition to explore the ways in which American artists reacted to the First World War. Approximately 120 objects dating from 1913-1938 will be featured including painting, sculpture, photography, drawings, prints, film, posters, and ephemera. It will include a broad range of artists who engaged the war in their work, from well-known figures such as Childe Hassam to lesser-known artists like Cl…

The Shot Heard (Almost) Round the World...

The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on June 28, 1914 made headlines worldwide, but not in the Irish nationalist newspaper, The Gaelic American. Focused squarely on the cause of Irish Independence, the Gaelic American gave little coverage to the events developing in Europe until the United Kingdom entered the war on August 4th.

World War One Poetry

"Not since the Siege of Troy has a conflict been so closely defined by the poetry that it inspired.” as the group of soldier-poets who fought in World War One — including prominent figures such as Siegfried Sassoon, Wilfred Owen, and Rupert Brooke — are among the most read and admired poets of the 20th century.

Opposition to the War in the United States

A variety of activists and organizations opposed U.S. participation in the war.

Peace Congresses Leading Up to World War I

Description of international peace congresses held from the 1890s onward and through 1913.

Charles Huard, Printmaker

This is an overview of the printing activities of Charles Huard.

Women Peace Activists During World War I

Women in neutral and belligerent countries were active peacemakers during World War I, which saw the birth of the modern peace movement.

Conscientious Objection During World War I

Brief description of the role of conscientious objectors to military service during the war. The resources for this topic are based in the Swarthmore College Peace Collection.

Fort Mifflin During World War I

Fort Mifflin on the Delaware River was an import site of military activity during the Great War.

The Chemist's War

An overview of the contributions of chemists and the chemical industry to the American war effort.

The French High Commission’s Visit to Philadelphia

In response to the American declaration of war, both the British and French governments sent representatives to the United States, visiting Washington, D.C., Chicago, Kansas City, St. Louis, and Springfield, Illinois, before arriving in Philadelphia on May 9, 1917.

Imagined Wars: Envisioning the War to Come

An examination of "Future War" fiction anticipating the Great War, where speculative writing that would eventually coalesce into the science fiction genre began its development.

 


Last Modified: Thursday, June 26th, 2014