Swarthmore College Peace Collection

U.S. Delegation to the International Congress of Women for a Permanent Peace, 1915{'<br/>'}Women's International League for Peace and Freedom Records, Swarthmore College Peace Collection
U.S. Delegation to the International Congress of Women for a Permanent Peace, 1915
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom Records, Swarthmore College Peace Collection

The Swarthmore College Peace Collection is a special collections library and archives collecting on non-governmental efforts for peace and non-violent social change around the world.  Holdings on World War I include the original papers of individual peace activists, such as Nobel Peace Prize winner Jane Addams and the records of peace organizations active from 1914 onward.  These individual activists and the organizations created a significant force of opposition to the Great War in Europe, and, after 1917, in the United States.  They were also involved in finding ways to maintain peace and reconciliation once the war was over. 


The Peace Collection has dozens of manuscript collections containing hundreds of thousands of original documents, thousands of photographs and posters, postcards, magazines, books, and other items documenting various topics on the Great War.  While the majority of the resources relating to peace efforts and opposition to the war in the United States, there are also materials from Great Britain, Germany, France, and many other nations caught up in the war.  There are resources on many topics about World War I in the Peace Collection, and the following are the major subject areas:  Opposition to the War; Conscientious Objection and Civil Liberties; Peace and Reconciliation; and Women and Peace. 


Peace Collection holdings are organized by the name of an individual or by the title of an organization and contain a variety of original and published documents created by the person or organization.  The collections listed here have on line finding aids (lists detailing documents folder by folder).  The documents themselves are not on line.   There are dozens more World War I era collections of original documents, photographs, posters, and other items in the Peace Collection which do not yet have a finding aid or a digital presence online.


The Peace Collection is open to the general public throughout the year.  See the full website at: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace


Pre-War Arbitration

American Peace Society
Lake Mohonk Conference Records

World Peace Foundation Records

Peace and Reconciliation

Fellowship of Reconciliation Records
Henry Ford Peace Expedition Records

League to Enforce Peace Collected Records

Organizations and Individuals Opposed to the War

William C. Allen Collected Papers
American Union Against Militarism Records

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Dana Papers

Edward Evans Papers

George Nasmyth and Florence Nasmyth Papers

Scott Nearing Papers

John Nevin Sayre Papers

James Warbasse and Agnes Warbasse Collected Papers

Conscientious Objection and Civil Liberties

Eichel Family Papers
William Kantor Collected Papers

New York Bureau of Legal Advice Collected Records

People's Council of America for Democracy and Peace Collected Records

List of Military Classification for Draftees, World War I-present

Database of U.S. World War I Conscientious Objectors

Subject File on Conscientious Objection

Conscientious Objection in America

Women and Peace

Jane Addams Collection
Emily Greene Balch Papers

Katherine Devereux Blake Collected Papers

Lella Secor Florence Papers

Rose Dabney Forbes Papers

Jessie Wallace Hughan Papers

Edwin Mead and Lucia Ames Mead Papers

Tracy Mygatt and Frances Witherspoon Papers

Rosika Schwimmer Collected Papers

Woman's Peace Party Records
[renamed the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom in 1919]


Anna Eckstein Collected Papers
Martha Freund-Hoppe Collected Papers

Ludwig Quidde Collected Papers

Great Britain

T. Corder Catchpool Collected Papers
A.Ruth Fry Papers

Ronald E. Gundry Collected Papers

Hugh Richardson Papers

Helena Maria Swanwick Collected Papers

Alexander Wilson and Edith J. Wilson Collected Papers

Union of Democratic Control Collected Records

Photograph and Image Exhibits Online

Jane Addams
American Peace Society

Emily Greene Balch

Eichel Family

Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, 1915-1919

Images from the Martha Freund-Hoppe Collection

Triptych Online Image Database of Swarthmore, Haverford, and Bryn Mawr Colleges [Put “World War I” in the search box to find items on the Great War]


Four Lights newsletter of the Woman’s Peace Party (1917, 1919)

- 1917 January 27
- 1917 February 6
- 1917 February 10
- 1917 February 24
- 1917 March 10
- 1917 March 24
- 1917 April 7
- 1917 April 21
- 1917 May 5
- 1917 May 19
- 1917 June 2
- 1917 June 16
- 1917 June 30
- 1917 July 14
- 1917 July 28
- 1917 August 11
- 1917 August 25
- 1917 September 8
- 1917 September 22
- 1917 October 6
- 1917 October 20
- 1919 June 12

Newspapers produced by German prisoners of war held by the British (1915-1919)

--1916 November 18
--1917 March 1

-- 1915 September 5
-- 1915 October 24
-- 1915 November 14
-- 1916 May 10
-- 1916 November 5
-- 1917 December
-- 1917 July
-- 1918 April
-- 1918 October - November
-- 1919 January - February

This page was created by Wendy E. Chmielewski, George R. Cooley Curator, Swarthmore College Peace Collection

See also the following pages on this site about resources from the Swarthmore College Peace Collection:

Opposition to the War in the United States
Women and Peace
American Relief Efforts in Europe
Peace Congresses Leading Up to World War I


Other Institutions:

The Library Company of Philadelphia

The Library Company of Philadelphia is an independent research library specializing in American history and culture from the 17th through the early 20th centuries. Founded in 1731 by Benjamin Franklin, the Library Company is America's oldest cultural institution and has the mission to preserve, interpret, make available, and augment the valuable material in its care. From November 11, 2016 through April 21, 2017, the Library Company of Philadelphia will have on display the exhibition Together We Win: The Philadelphia Homefront During the First World War.

Pennsylvania State Archives

The Pennsylvania State Archives is a bureau within the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, the official state historical agency. Holding approximately 250 million pages of records, the primary purpose of the State Archives is to collect, preserve, and make available for study the permanently valuable records of Pennsylvania State government and its interactions with its citizens. The institution also collects the private papers of citizens and organizations relevant to Pennsylvania’s history. Draft Board Records, Posters, Photographs, War History Commission Records, World War I Veterans Service Compensation Files, Maps, Letters, Newspapers, and World War I Service Medal Application Cards are just some of the items related to the Great War that researchers may view at the Pennsylvania State Archives.

The National Archives at Philadelphia

The National Archives at Philadelphia maintains the historically significant records of the Federal Agencies and Courts, in Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia, dating from 1789 to the present.


Last Modified: Thursday, June 26th, 2014